Getting started with GPUs

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Revision as of 07:42, 9 December 2021 by Sfux (talk | contribs) (Available GPU node types)

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There are GPU nodes in both, the Euler and the Leonhard Open cluster. The GPU nodes on both cluster are reserved exclusively to the shareholder groups that invested into them. Guest users and shareholder that purchase CPU nodes but no GPU nodes cannot use the GPU nodes.

How to submit a GPU job

All GPUs are configured in Exclusive Process mode. To run multi-node job, you will need to request span[ptile=XX] with XX being the number of CPU cores per GPU node, which is depending on the node type (the node types are listed in the table below).

The LSF batch system has partial integrated support for GPUs. To use the GPUs for a job node you need to request the ngpus_excl_p resource. It refers to the number of GPUs per node. This is unlike other resources, which are requested per core.

For example, to run a serial job with one GPU,

bsub -R "rusage[ngpus_excl_p=1]" ./my_cuda_program

or on a full node with all 8 GeForce GTX 1080 Ti GPUs and up to 90 GB of RAM,

bsub -n 20 -R "rusage[mem=4500,ngpus_excl_p=8]" -R "select[gpu_model0==GeForceGTX1080Ti]" ./my_cuda_program

or on two full nodes:

bsub -n 40 -R "rusage[mem=4500,ngpus_excl_p=8]" -R "select[gpu_model0==GeForceGTX1080Ti]" -R "span[ptile=20]" ./my_cuda_program

While your jobs will see all GPUs, LSF will set the CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES environment variable, which is honored by CUDA programs.

Sofware with GPU support

On Leonhard open, the software stack contains packages with GPU support. On Euler, packages with GPU support are only available in the new software stack. None of the packages in the old software stack on Euler has support for GPUs.

Available GPU node types


GPU Model LSF Specifier (GPU driver > 450.80.02) Slurm specifier GPU memory per GPU CPU cores per node CPU memory per node
NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1080 NVIDIAGeForceGTX1080 unavailable 8 GiB 20 256 GiB
NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1080 Ti NVIDIAGeForceGTX1080Ti gtx_1080_ti 11 GiB 20 256 GiB
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 2080 Ti NVIDIAGeForceRTX2080Ti unavailable 11 GiB 36 384 GiB
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 2080 Ti NVIDIAGeForceRTX2080Ti unavailable 11 GiB 128 512 GiB
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 NVIDIAGeForceRTX3090 rtx_3090 24 GiB 128 512 GiB
NVIDIA Quadro RTX 6000 QuadroRTX6000 unavailable 24 GiB 128 512 GiB
NVIDIA Tesla V100-SXM2 32 GiB TeslaV100_SXM2_32GB unavailable 32 GiB 48 768 GiB
NVIDIA Tesla V100-SXM2 32 GB TeslaV100_SXM2_32GB unavailable 32 GiB 40 512 GiB
Nvidia Tesla A100 (40 GiB) NVIDIAA100_PCIE_40GB unavailable 40 GiB 48 768 GiB
Nvidia Tesla A100 (80 GiB) unavailable nvidia_a100_80gb_pcie 80 GiB 48 1024 GiB

How to select GPU memory

If you know that you will need more memory on a GPU than some models provide, i.e., more than 8 GB, then you can request that your job will run only on GPUs that have enough memory. Use the gpu_mtotal0 host selection to do this. For example, if you need 10 GB (=10240  MB) per GPU:

 [sfux@lo-login-01 ~]$ bsub -R "rusage[ngpus_excl_p=1]" -R "select[gpu_mtotal0>=10240]" ./my_cuda_program

This ensures your job will not run on GPUs with less than 10 GB of GPU memory.

How to select a GPU model

In some cases it is desirable or necessary to select the GPU model on which your job runs, for example if you know you code runs much faster on a newer model. However, you should consider that by narrowing down the list of allowable GPUs, your job may need to wait for a longer time.

To select a certain GPU model, add the -R "select[gpu_model1==GPU_MODEL]" resource requirement to bsub,

[sfux@lo-login-01 ~]$ bsub -R "rusage[ngpus_excl_p=1]" -R "select[gpu_model0==GeForceGTX1080]" ./my_cuda_program

Python and GPUs

Because some Python packages need different installations for their CPU and GPU versions, we decided to have separate Python modules (python/XXX and python_gpu/XXX) with regards to using CPUs and GPUs. The python_gpu modules will in addition automatically load a CUDA and a CUDNN module. When running the GPU version of TensorFlow (<2.0.0) or PyTorch on a CPU node will immediately crash, because those packages are checking on start up if the compute node has a GPU driver installed. From TensorFlow 2.0.0 on, google merged the CPU and the GPU version of TensorFlow into a single package, but for PyTorch there are still two installations (CPU/GPU) required.

For an overview on the available Python and TensorFlow versions on Leonhard Open, please have a look at Python on Leonhard

Tensorflow 1.x example

As an example for running a TensorFlow job on a GPU node, we are printing out the TensorFlow version, the string Hello TensorFlow! and the result of a simple matrix multiplication:

[sfux@lo-login-01 ~]$ cd testrun/python
[sfux@lo-login-01 python]$ module load python_gpu/2.7.13
[sfux@lo-login-01 python]$ cat
#/usr/bin/env python
from __future__ import print_function
import tensorflow as tf

vers = tf.__version__
hello = tf.constant('Hello, TensorFlow!')
matrix1 = tf.constant([[3., 3.]])
matrix2 = tf.constant([[2.],[2.]])
product = tf.matmul(matrix1, matrix2)

sess = tf.Session()
[sfux@lo-login-01 python]$ bsub -n 1 -W 4:00 -R "rusage[mem=2048, ngpus_excl_p=1]" python
Generic job.
Job <10620> is submitted to queue <gpu.4h>.
[sfux@lo-login-01 python]$ bjobs
10620      sfux      PEND  gpu.4h     lo-login-01             * Sep 28 08:02
[sfux@lo-login-01 python]$ bjobs
10620      sfux      RUN   gpu.4h     lo-login-01 lo-gtx-001  * Sep 28 08:03
[sfux@lo-login-01 python]$ bjobs
No unfinished job found
[sfux@lo-login-01 python]$ grep -A3 "Creating TensorFlow device" lsf.o10620
2017-09-28 08:08:43.235886: I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/] Creating TensorFlow device (/gpu:0) -> (device: 0, name: GeForce GTX 1080, pci bus id: 0000:04:00.0)
Hello, TensorFlow!
[sufx@lo-login-01 python]$

Please note, that your job will crash if you are running the GPU version of TensorFlow on a CPU node, because TensorFlow is checking on start up if the compute node has a GPU driver.

Tensorflow 2.x example

Tensorflow 2.x does no longer use sessions. Please find below an updated example job for tensorflow 2.0, where we create two 2000x2000 Matrices with random numbers and then carry out a matrix multiplication once on the CPU and once on the GPU and then compare the run times.

[sfux@lo-login-01 ~]$ cd testrun/tf/test2
[sfux@lo-login-01 test2]$ module load gcc/6.3.0 python_gpu/3.7.4

The following have been reloaded with a version change:
  1) gcc/4.8.5 => gcc/6.3.0

[sfux@lo-login-01 test2]$ cat 
#/usr/bin/env python

import time
import tensorflow as tf

k = 2000
a = tf.random.uniform(shape=[k,k], minval=0, maxval=20,dtype=tf.float16)
b = tf.random.uniform(shape=[k,k], minval=0, maxval=20,dtype=tf.float16)

cpu_slot = 0
gpu_slot = 0

# Using CPU at slot 0
with tf.device('/CPU:' + str(cpu_slot)):
    start = time.time()
    c1 = tf.matmul(a,b)
    print("Time on CPU:")
    end = time.time() - start

# Using the GPU at slot 0
with tf.device('/GPU:' + str(gpu_slot)):
    start = time.time()
    c2 = tf.matmul(a,b)
    print("Time on GPU:")
    end = time.time() - start

[sfux@lo-login-01 test2]$ bsub -n 1 -W 4:00 -R "rusage[mem=2048, ngpus_excl_p=1]" python 
Generic job.
Job <5074756> is submitted to queue <gpu.4h>.
[sfux@lo-login-01 test2]$ bjobs
5074756    sfux    PEND  gpu.4h     lo-login-01             * Mar  5 12:28
[sfux@lo-login-01 test2]$ bjobs
5074756    sfux    RUN   gpu.4h     lo-login-01 lo-s4-082   * Mar  5 12:28
[sfux@lo-login-01 test2]$ bjobs
No unfinished job found
[sfux@lo-login-01 test2]$ grep -A1 "Time on" lsf.o5074756
Time on CPU:
Time on GPU:
[sfux@lo-login-01 test2]$

With TensorFlow 2.0 it is possible to build a single Python package that supports CPU and GPU. If TensorFlow 2.0 is imported on a pure CPU compute node, it will no longer fail due to checking the GPU driver as it will fall back to the CPU version in this case.